Do you have a ton of data sources and do not know how to expose them? Do you know you need a Microsoft SQL Server API but don’t know where to begin to build it? Look no further, DreamFactory can take any database and generate a fully documented and secure REST API faster than making a sandwich. All you need is your database credentials and DreamFactory will handle the rest, instantly generating Swagger documentation and securing your API by way of API keys. Follow along with the blog or our video below!
In order to get started you must install DreamFactory, which is Open Source and gives you the ability to try out a numerous amount of popular databases. To spin up your own hosted environment for free click here.
Generating the SQL Server API
Now the fun part. Once you have DreamFactory up and running you will be on the Admin panel. From there you will navigate to the Services tab to connect your database for your API. For example I have selected a Microsoft SQL Server database but it is nearly identical for any database you will be connecting to. Connecting your database typically only requires filling out these 5 fields as shown below.
Upon saving there will be a success window pop-up saying “Service saved successfully”. What it doesn’t tell you is all the magic it just did behind the scenes. In just that short amount of time, it generated your REST API. So now if you navigate to the API Docs tab you can see your new documentation for the API and actually interact with it via the “Try it out” button.
Securing and Interacting with the API
I can end it here now that you have generated your API, but where is the fun in that? Now let’s actually see the API in action! First things first, let’s generate an API key to be paired with the API for security purposes. DreamFactory does not allow access to the API without being authenticated. Let’s navigate to the Roles tab and create a Role for our API. This Role with correspond with the API key so different users can have different privileges based off different keys.
For my Role I have pointed it to the SQL Server Service we just created and told it to only allow GET calls on the endpoints. This will ensure anyone using this API key will not be able to, for example delete data from the database. We must now link this Role to an API key. If we now go to the Apps tab we can create a new API key with the corresponding Role.
Once we hit save we are able to see the API key generated for our use. Just to show how it works I will be using Insomnia, a popular HTTP service, to call our DreamFactory API. I will call the customers table, passing the API key in the headers for authentication.
As you can see I have access to our new API and how much time did that take? Way less time than building this API yourself! If you would like to find out exactly how much time and money DreamFactory can save you, check out our API calculator. Otherwise what are you waiting for? Go build your next application using DreamFactory already!
If you have any questions about the platform, or just APIs in general, we’d love to hear from you! Contact us.
You’ve installed DreamFactory and connected to your database, and executed a few test API calls in the API Docs interface. So what’s next? Fortunately DreamFactory has already taken care of autogenerating your API endpoints so you can skip right past that and proceed to creating a client which will talk to the DreamFactory-managed API.
In this article we will demonstrate seven simple REST client examples involving sending a GET request to an HTTP-based API using an API key for authentication. We will present examples demonstrating NodeJS, Python, Ruby, PHP, and Perl. Even if you’re not a DreamFactory user (you should check it out, our OSS version is available for free download) there’s still plenty to learn from this post!
These days it’s more true than ever that “no company is an island”. Many businesses rely on each other by exchanging information and much of that exchange is done via an API. When diving deeper into the question of developing APIs, you’ll undoubtedly encounter the question: SOAP or REST? Although REST APIs have become the most popular choice for today’s businesses, the decision isn’t always an easy one.
In this article, we’ll go over everything you need to know about SOAP and REST APIs. That way you can come to the conclusion that’s ultimately right for your situation.
What is an API?
There are a lot of definitions of the term “API” out there, and many can be confusing. An API (Application Program Interface) is a way for you to get information needed in a consistent format.
You can think of an API as like an interaction between a business and a customer, such as placing an order at a restaurant.
Customers first read the menu, then they decide what food they would like to order.
The waiter serves as the “middleman” between the customer and the business. They take the request and present it to the business in a way that’s most comprehensible and efficient.
The business reviews the request and sends back a response to the customer, such as a plate of food.
It’s important to note that in this example, the interaction is entirely predictable. When customers go to a restaurant, they can assume that they’ll be handed a menu. Then use that menu to place an order, and receive the food they ordered.
In the same way, APIs offer consistency to users who want to query a website for its data. By establishing a common set of rules for exchanging information, APIs make it easier for two parties to communicate.
A standard SOAP message consists of the following XML elements:
An Envelope element that identifies the document as a valid SOAP message
An optional Header element that specifies additional requirements for the message, such as authentication.
A Body element that contains the details of the request or response.
An optional Fault element that contains information about any errors encountered during the API request and response.
What is a REST API?
REST (Representational State Transfer) is an architectural style for APIs that relies on the HTTP protocol and JSON data format to send and receive messages. REST utilizes CRUD (Create, Retrieve, Update, and Delete) to keep API calls as simple as possible to understand. With its simplicity, developers can understand it whether they are the lead architect or a junior developer just starting.
The Pros and Cons of SOAP and REST
When comparing REST and SOAP, people often use the analogy of a postcard and an envelope. REST is like a postcard in that it’s lightweight and consumes less bandwidth (paper). Meanwhile, SOAP is like an envelope: there’s an extra overhead required on both ends to package and un-package it.
Note that the analogy isn’t perfect: unlike a postcard, the content of REST requests and responses isn’t (necessarily) insecure. Instead, REST uses the security of the underlying transport mechanism, which is usually HTTPS. On the other hand, SOAP implements its own security measure, which is known as WS-Security.
Some people believe that REST is largely a “replacement” for SOAP, due to its lower overhead and improved ease of use. According to Cloud Elements’ 2017 State of API Integration report, 83 percent of APIs now use REST, while only 15 percent continue to use SOAP. Some of these businesses primarily use REST, but continue to integrate SOAP APIs into their projects using tools such as DreamFactory’s SOAP connector.
However, the thought of SOAP being outdated isn’t quite accurate. Even as REST becomes the API style of choice for most businesses, SOAP remains a tool that is better-suited for certain use cases, mainly in large enterprises who need additional extensibility and logic features native to the protocol.
The advantages of REST include:
Flexibility: Although REST is most commonly implemented with HTTP and JSON, developers are by no means obligated to use them. Websites can send back responses using data formats including JSON, XML, HTML, or even plaintext-whatever best suits their needs.
Speed: Because it tends to use much less overhead, REST APIs are typically significantly faster than SOAP. While the differences might be imperceptible for a single request, the disparity grows larger and larger as you place more and more requests.
Popularity: REST has reached critical mass on the Internet. Major websites such as Google, Twitter, and YouTube all use REST APIs for users to send and receive messages. Due to this familiarity, it’s typically easier for developers to get up and running with REST.
Scalability: Thanks to their speed and simplicity, REST APIs usually perform very well at scale.
Despite the major benefits of using REST, SOAP remains the preferred protocol in certain use cases. Some organizations find that SOAP offers the transactional reliability that they’re looking for, while others simply continue to use SOAP because they need legacy system support.
The advantages of SOAP include:
Formality: SOAP can use WSDL (Web Services Description Language) to enforce the use of formal contracts between the user and the website. SOAP is also inherently compliant with ACID database standards, which ensures that the transactions it performs will be valid even in the event of errors or hardware issues.
Logic: If a REST API request is unsuccessful, it can only be addressed by retrying until the request successfully goes through. On the other hand, SOAP includes built-in successful/retry logic so that the requesting system knows how to behave.
Security: SOAP comes with its own security mechanism, WS-Security, built into the protocol. If you want to ensure that your messages are secure, rather than relying on the underlying transport mechanism as does REST, then SOAP may be the right choice.
Extensibility: In addition to WS-Security, SOAP includes support for other protocols such as WS-Addressing and WS-ReliableMessaging that can define other standards of communication and information exchange.
Converting SOAP to REST
DreamFactory can convert your SOAP service to REST in minutes. If you have your SOAP service RESTified you can take advantage of the features DreamFactory provides. Like turning security up 10 notches by securing the API with API Keys and Roles to only allow access to people that have the right to it. Even add custom events and business logic by way of our powerful Scripting engine.
For most cases, REST should be considered the “default” option as adoption continues to grow across the web. Most public-facing APIs now use REST, because it consumes less bandwidth and its compatibility with HTTP makes it easier for web browsers to use.
However, you may find that the additional features and security offered by SOAP are enough to sway your decision. In the end, the “right” choice between SOAP and REST will be highly dependent on your own situation.
Even better, the choice of SOAP and REST doesn’t have to be between one and the other. If you want to communicate with REST but still need access to legacy SOAP services, DreamFactory offers the ability to add a REST API onto any database or SOAP API.
See how quick and easy it is!
If you have your SOAP service RESTified we can take advantage of the features DreamFactory provides. Like turning security up 10 notches by securing the API with API Keys and Roles to only allow access to people that have the right to it. Even add custom events and business logic by way of our powerful Scripting engine.
If you know REST APIs are the best for you, don’t waste any more time building them. Try it yourself with your own instance of DreamFactory or connect with an API specialist today!
Consider a query which joins employee records found in an employees table with information about their assigned department, the latter of which resides in a table named departments. The relationship is formalized using a key named emp_no. When DreamFactory parses the schema it will create aliases for each relationship, including one for the above-described named something like dept_emp_by_emp_no. The join query will therefore look like this:
Would you like to access SQL data from your mobile, web or IOT apps?
To have an easy and secure way to add a REST API to any SQL database in minutes, we are going to walkthrough using DreamFactory to create create just that. All you have to do is use the DreamFactory platform to connect your database, then use it to auto-generate a REST API for your database – it’s that simple!
In this blog post we’ll show how to REST-enable any SQL database, which is free forever for the databases and other services covered by our open source software. Then we’ll show some simple examples of how to use the REST API to manage your SQL schema and data.
Interested in a live demo with one of our engineers? We’ll be happy to show you how it’s done for your particular use case! If you’d rather watch a video, check out DreamFactory Academy. Alternatively, you might want to check out our new guide, Getting Started with DreamFactory. It offers a comprehensive walkthrough of generating a database-backed API. You’ll learn how to generate the API, define a role and API key, and then interact with the API using a variety of queries.
One of the most important ideas in the world of software engineering is the concept of loose coupling. In a loosely coupled design, components are independent, and changes in one will not affect the operation of others. This approach offers optimal flexibility and reusability when components are added, replaced, or modified. Conversely, a tightly coupled design means that components tend to be interdependent. Changes in a single component can have a system wide impact, with unanticipated and undesirable effects.
Chuck Norris Joke Enthusiasts Trust DreamFactory to Automate APIs
Thanks to amusing Chuck Norris API database site The Internet Chuck Norris Database, you can have some fun and keep the Chuck Norris jokes flowing. With the help of DreamFactory and our API automation tools, you will always have life-changing insights making those around you just a bit more intelligent, good looking and successful. Who doesn’t need to understand such nuggets as:
Contrary to popular belief, the Titanic didn’t hit an iceberg. The ship was off course and ran into Chuck Norris while he was doing the backstroke across the Atlantic.
DreamFactory 2.11 has shipped! 2.11 has a bunch of great new features, including support for GraphQL, RabbitMQ, and MongoDB GridFS file storage. You can get the DreamFactory 2.11 release now from Bitnamior GitHub. Here’s what’s new:
There are many diverse organizations around the world leveraging the power of DreamFactory’s open source REST API to tackle some really cool projects. One government organization in Southeast Asia is using our REST API to power their Geographic Information System (GIS) website.